The staff Selection Commission conducts the various types of government exams to recruit employees for different government departments. Its main goal is to find eligible candidates and help them achieve a better lifestyle.
SSC stands for staff selection commission. It is a government organization that conducts various government job exams annually for the central government. CGL stands for combined graduate level examination. CGL is the flagship exam of the SSC. This exam is conducted for group B and group C posts.
SSC CGL is one of the most preferred exams conducted under the supervision and control of SSC for the graduates of our country.
Let us discuss the SSC CGL 2021 exam syllabus tierwise. Here is the table explained in detail:
The SSC CGL Syllabus – Tier I comprises four sections: 

General Intelligence and Reasoning 
General Awareness 
General Intelligence and Reasoning includes questions of both verbal
and nonverbal types. This component may include questions on analogies,
similarities and differences, space visualization, spatial orientation,
problemsolving, analysis, judgment, decision making, visual memory,
discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning
and figural classification, arithmetic number series, nonverbal series,
coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning, etc. The topics are, Semantic Analogy, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Figural
Analogy, Semantic Classification, Symbolic/ Number Classification, Figural
Classification, Semantic Series, Number Series, Figural Series, Problem
Solving, Word Building, Coding & decoding, Numerical Operations,
symbolic Operations, Trends, Space Orientation, Space Visualization, Venn
Diagrams, Drawing inferences, Punched hole/ pattern folding &
unfolding, Figural Pattern folding and completion, Indexing, Address
matching, Date & city matching, Classification of centre codes/roll
numbers, Small & Capital letters/ numbers coding, decoding and
classification, Embedded Figures, Critical thinking, Emotional Intelligence,
Social Intelligence, Other subtopics, if any. 
Questions in this section will be aimed at testing the candidates'
general awareness (GK+GS) of the environment around him and its application
to society. The test will also include questions relating to India and its
neighboring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography,
Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research. The questions will
also be asked from Science, Current Affairs, Books and Authors, Sports,
Important Schemes, Important Days, Portfolios, People in News, etc. 


Quantitative Aptitude 
English Comprehension 
Quantitative Aptitude questions will be designed to test the ability
of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of
the test will be computation of whole numbers, decimals, fractions and
relationships between numbers, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership
Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Percentage.
Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages, Interest, Basic algebraic
identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear
Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and
similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by
chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle,
Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons, Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone,
Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency
polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart, Hemispheres, Rectangular
Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base,
Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities,
Complementary angles. 
This section measures Candidates' ability to understand correct
English, his/her basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. would be
tested. This section may include questions on Phrases and Idioms, Oneword
Substitution, Sentence Correction, Error Spotting, Fill in the Blanks,
Spellings Correction, Reading Comprehension, SynonymsAntonyms, Active
Passive, Sentence Rearrangement, Sentence Improvement, Cloze test etc. 


The SSC CGL Syllabus – Tier II comprises four sections: 



Quantitative Abilities 
English Language and Comprehension 
The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use
of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be
the computation of whole numbers, decimals, fractions and relationships
between numbers, Percentage, Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages,
Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and
Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of
School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle
and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles,
Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle,
common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular
Polygons, Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder,
Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with
triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures,
Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram,
Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart. 
Questions in this section will be designed to test the candidate's
understanding and knowledge of the English Language and will be based on the spot the
error, fill in 21 the blanks, synonyms, antonyms, spelling/ detecting
misspelled words, idioms & phrases, oneword substitution, improvement of
sentences, active/ passive voice of verbs, conversion into direct/ indirect
narration, shuffling of sentence parts, shuffling of sentences in a passage,
cloze passage & comprehension passage. 


Statistics 
General StudiesFinance and Economics 
Collection, Classification, and Presentation of Statistical Data –
Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data;
Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of
frequency distributions. Measures of Central Tendency  Common measures of central tendency –
mean median and mode; Partition values quartiles, deciles, percentiles. Measures of Dispersion Common measures dispersion – range, quartile
deviations, mean deviation, and standard deviation; Measures of relative
dispersion. Moments, Skewness, and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their
relationship; the meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of
skewness and kurtosis. Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation
coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures
of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial
correlations (For three variables only). Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of
probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent
events; Bayes‟ theorem. Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable;
Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher
moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential
distributions; Joint distribution of two random variables (discrete). Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and
statistic, Sampling and nonsampling errors; Probability and nonprobability
sampling techniques (simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage
sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling,
purposive sampling, convenience sampling, and quota sampling); Sampling
distribution (statement only); Sample size decisions. Statistical Inference  Point estimation and interval estimation,
properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method,
Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis,
Basic concept of testing, Small sample, and large sample tests, Tests based on
Z, t, Chisquare and F statistic, Confidence intervals. Analysis of Variance  Analysis of oneway classified data and twoway
classified data. Time Series Analysis  Components of time series, Determinations of trend
component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by
different methods. Index Numbers  Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the
construction of index numbers, Types of an index number, Different formulae,
Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers,
Uses of Index Numbers. 
Part A: Finance and Accounts(80 marks): Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting: 1.1 Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial
Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting
Principles. 1.2 Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of
original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, Ledgers, Trial Balance,
Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & Loss
Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue
Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Nonprofit
organizations Accounts, Receipts and Payments, and Income & Expenditure
Accounts, Bills of Exchange, SelfBalancing Ledgers. Part B: Economics and Governance(120 marks): 2.1 Comptroller & Auditor General of India Constitutional
provisions, Role, and responsibility. 2.2 Finance CommissionRole and functions. 2.3 Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics:
Definition, scope, and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and
Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve. 2.4 Theory of Demand and Supply: Meaning and determinants of demand,
Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity;
Theory of consumer’s behavior Marshallian approach and Indifference curve
approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of
Supply. 2.5 Theory of Production and cost: Meaning and Factors of production,
Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale. 2.6 Forms of Market and price determination in different markets:
Various forms of marketsPerfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic
Competition, and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets. 2.7 Indian Economy: 2.7.1 Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors Role of
Agriculture, Industry and Servicestheir problems and growth. 2.7.2 National Income of IndiaConcepts of national income, Different
methods of measuring national income. 2.7.3 PopulationIts size, rate of growth, and its implication on
economic growth. 2.7.4 Poverty and unemployment Absolute and relative poverty, types,
causes, and incidence of unemployment. 2.7.5 InfrastructureEnergy, Transportation, Communication. 2.8 Economic Reforms in India: Economic reforms since 1991;
Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation, and Disinvestment. 2.9 Money and Banking: 2.9.1 Monetary/ Fiscal policy Role and functions of Reserve Bank of
India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks. 2.9.2 Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments. 2.9.3 Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003. 2.10 Role of Information Technology in Governance. Note: Questions in PaperI will be of Matriculation Level, PaperII
of 10+2 Level and in PaperIII and PaperIV of Graduation Level. 


The SSC CGL Syllabus – Tier III: TierIII of the SSC CGL 2021 exam is a
descriptive exam to test the written skills of the candidates in
English/Hindi. The mode of examination is offline (Pen and Paper mode) and
students are required to write essays, précis, applications, letters, etc. in
this exam. The exam carries 100 marks and the time allotted for the same is
60 minutes. The time allotted for candidates belonging to the PWD category is
increased to 80 minutes. TierIII paper is given by specific candidates who
are interested only for the post of “Statistical Investigator Grade II” &
“Compiler”. 



The SSC CGL Syllabus – Tier IV: TierIV examination comprises of a couple of skill sets required for certain Government Posts all over the
country. DEST (Data Entry Speed Test): For the post of Tax Assistant (Central
Excise and Income Tax), DEST Exam through SSC CGL 2021 exam is conducted to
check the typing speed of the candidate. The candidates are given an article
in English which they have to type on Computer. A candidate is required to
type 2000 words in 15 minutes. CPT (Computer Proficiency Test): Word Processing, Spread Sheets and
Generation of slides are the three modules that are important for this exam
and the commission demands a candidate to be proficient in it for the post of
CSS, MEA, Inspector (Central Excise), Inspector (Preventive Officer), and
Inspector (Examiner). 
SSC  CGL Premium
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